Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder – (BPD)

Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder – BPD is a type of mental disorder that affects the way we think about ourselves and other people. Due to this disorder, the mood and behavior of the affected person become unstable, due to which he may have to face many problems in everyday life.

Borderline personality disorder usually occurs in adolescence or early adulthood. In this, the person feels emotionally unstable, rigid in behavior, fearful of tarnishing his social image, and instability in relationships. These things sit in the mind in such a way that it takes the form of mental disorder.

Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder
Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

According to experts, this problem is more common in women than men. According to data from the US-based National Institute of Mental Health, about 1.6 percent of adults in the US have BPD. It is difficult for people with BPD to control their emotions.

This leads the person to take unnecessary risks. Along with rapid changes in mood, problems such as anger, depression, or anxiety also occur. People with BPD are known to be extremely sensitive. Such people start reacting to small things and once they get upset, they take a long time to calm down again.

Experts link borderline personality disorder to a number of other conditions. People with BPD are believed to have a variety of mental health problems such as anxiety, depression, eating disorders, etc. Suicidal thoughts are also common in such people. To get rid of these problems, many people start consuming alcohol and drugs. However, experts believe that doing so may make the situation worse.

In this article, we will go into detail about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of borderline personality disorder.

Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

A borderline personality disorder affects a person’s thinking and personality. Symptoms of BPD can manifest in different ways in people. A person may be considered to have BPD if he has one or more of the following symptoms:

Fear of Abandonment

Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder
Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

People with BPD often feel like they will be left alone. He keeps on taking various measures to stay with his friends or relatives. In most cases, the idea of ​​being different from others is fanciful.

Unstable Relationships 

Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder
Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

People with BPD have a lot of instability in their relationships. Such people trust others very quickly and suddenly they start feeling that that person is not right. So he ends the relationship with her.

Unclear or Shifting Self-Image

Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder
Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

People with BPD also have confusion about their identity. Such people sometimes think that they have the most amazing personality, while the very next moment they feel that they are one of the worst people in the world.

Impulsive Behavior

People with BPD do things that can harm them when they are upset. Such people can spend a lot of money, and start driving recklessly. Sometimes they can also be seen consuming excessive amounts of alcohol or drugs.


Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder
Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

Suicidal thoughts and intentional self-harm are common in people with BPD. There are many ways such people can use to hurt themselves.

Extreme Mood Swings

Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder
Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

Fluctuations in emotions and mood swings are common problems in people with BPD. If such people are happy in one moment, they can be sad and disappointed in the next moment.

Causes of borderline personality disorder

A borderline personality disorder is not yet fully understood. Therefore the reasons for this are also not entirely clear. Experts believe that a variety of environmental conditions, such as child abuse or neglect, may be linked to BPD disorders. Apart from this, some of the possible reasons for this condition can be the following.


Several studies suggest that certain genetic factors may exacerbate symptoms of borderline personality disorder. If someone in the family has had a mental health disorder, you are also at risk for BPD.

Brain abnormalities

Some research has found that people with BPD have an abnormal part of the brain that drives emotion compared to other people. Apart from this, chemicals like serotonin, which determine the mood in such people, are also not effective.

Research done on people complaining of disorders such as BPD found that their brains are very alert. They find things more scary and stressful than other people.

Risk factors and complications of borderline personality disorder

Certain factors associated with personality development may increase the risk of BPD. Some of these are the following:


Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

If a close relative of yours, such as a mother, father, brother, or sister, has BPD or a BPD-like illness, other family members may also be at higher risk.

Stressful childhood

Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

Most people with BPD disorder have experienced sexual or physical abuse in childhood. While many people lose their parents in childhood or are separated from them, it can also affect the brain which can lead to BPD in the future.


Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline personality disorder can affect many areas of your life. Personality disorders that occur during BPD can also affect relationships, jobs, school, and social activities. BPD can cause the following problems.

frequent leave

failure to complete studies

Conflict-ridden relationships, such as marital stress or divorce

self-injury such as cutting or burning

Unplanned pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, accidents, fights, etc.

suicide attempt

Individuals with a borderline personality disorder may have many other mental health problems. to like…


anxiety disorder

eating disorders

bipolar disorder

post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

hyperactive disorder

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Diagnosis of borderline personality disorder

A psychiatrist should be consulted if symptoms of BPD appear. He can diagnose BPD using the following methods.

The doctor will try to talk to you about the problems and symptoms you are experiencing.

Doctors may perform a variety of medical tests to find possible causes of the disorder.

The doctor may also ask you about your family history of mental illness. The risk of BPD increases if someone in the family has a mental problem.

Borderline personality disorder often occurs along with many other mental illnesses. People who are diagnosed with BPD along with other disorders are relatively difficult to treat because the symptoms are difficult to recognize.

Treatment of borderline personality disorder

Psychotherapy is the main method used in the treatment of BPD. Certain medications may also be included in the treatment as needed. If a person with BPD has any other mental problems, it becomes necessary to treat them as well.


Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

Psychotherapy is considered the main treatment for BPD. Depending on your situation, psychotherapy may include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), or schema-focus therapy. CBT is considered an effective method for identifying and changing a person’s behavior and misconceptions.

It describes how you should behave when you are angry or worried. At the same time, DBT is told about ways to identify and use the right behavior. In addition, schema focus therapy is taught and encouraged to look at oneself and the world in a positive way.

Drug use

BPD is not treated with drugs. However, medications can be effective in controlling some symptoms. If needed, the doctor may also recommend you take some medicines along with psychotherapy.

If the patient is complaining of BPD as well as depression then he is given antidepressant medicines.

If the patient’s symptoms show aggression, antipsychotics may be used to control his symptoms.

If the patient has anxiety-related problems, then anti-anxiety drugs are given for its treatment.

Hospitalization required

If the patient has severe symptoms, your doctor may recommend a temporary hospital stay for treatment. If the patient repeatedly attempts to commit suicide and harms others, he may still need to be hospitalized for treatment.

Alternative medicine

The use of omega-3 fatty acids can also control symptoms of depression and aggression in patients with BPD. However, more research is needed to confirm how beneficial it is.

May take time to recover

Criteria For Borderline Personality Disorder

It may take some time to regain control of your feelings and thoughts and manage the behavior. Most people see improvement very soon. However, its symptoms may take a long time to fully recover. Sometimes they may experience an improvement in symptoms and sometimes they may get worse, but through treatment, they are also gradually learned to manage. The sooner symptoms are recognized and treatment is started, the greater the chances of a quick recovery.

Disclaimer: Before following any such treatment/medication/diet, please consult your doctor.



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